In the last decade, the share of foreign workers in the Czech labour market has almost tripled to about 15 percent.
In 2010, about 215,400 foreign employees worked in the Czech Republic, making up 5.5% of the 3.89 million workers in the country. At the end of 2019, almost 621,900 people from abroad had a job in Czechia. With 4.23 million employees in total, their share has risen to 14.7%, says the Czech Statistical Office.
Without foreigners, the number of employees would have decreased as the Czech society is aging. The increase of workers from abroad was apparent in all sectors. About a third of them works in auxiliary and unskilled positions - but there is also a significant group of highly qualified experts, for example in IT.
Almost a third of foreign employees are Slovaks and a quarter Ukrainians. Seven percent come from Poland, another seven from Romania and six from Bulgaria. Russians make up three percent of the foreign workforce and Vietnamese two percent.
In the first half of 2020, the growth was temporarily interrupted by the coronavirus pandemic. But the trend continued in the second half of the year. At the end of 2020, there were around 644,200 employees from abroad in the Czech Republic - that is about 22,000 more than the year before.